.Africa is the proposed Internet generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) for the African and Pan African communities and users wherever they may reside. The .africa gTLD serves as a regional domain for individuals and entities based in and out of Africa.
The .Africa gTLD has not yet been delegated to any organization as registry operator. The .Africa application that was submitted by DotConnectAfrica Trust is now the subject of an unresolved disagreement with ICANN (DCA Trust vs ICANN) following an Independent Review Panel (IRP) Process that was invoked by DCA Trust under ICANN’s accountability mechanism in October 2013. The IRP was administrated by the International Center for Dispute Resolution (ICDR) of the American Arbitration Association (AAA) New York, US.
DCA Trust had passed all the new gTLD applicant evaluation criteria, but before the Initial Evaluation (IE) result was issued, a Governmental Advisory Committee GAC Objection Advice that had been issued in Beijing in April 2013 was later accepted by the ICANN Board in early June 2013 which caused the ICANN Board to instruct ICANN staff that DCA Trust’s .Africa new gTLD application will not be approved. This had caused the non-completion of the evaluation of DCA Trust’s application; which then led DCA Trust to challenge the ICANN Board decision through a series of accountability mechanism.
The initial idea for the song came from David Paich. Jeff Porcaro explains the idea behind the song: "a boy is trying to write a song on Africa, but since he's never been there, he can only tell what he's seen on TV or remembers in the past."
David Paich said: "At the beginning of the '80s I watched a late night documentary on TV about all the terrible death and suffering of the people in Africa. It both moved and appalled me and the pictures just wouldn't leave my head. I tried to imagine how I'd feel about if I was there and what I'd do."
Musically the song took quite some time to assemble, as Paich and Porcaro explain:
Africa and De viris illustribus were partially inspired by Petrarch's visit to Rome in 1337. According to Bergin and Wilson (p. ix). It seems very likely that the inspirational vision of the Eternal City must have been the immediate spur to the design of the Africa and probably De viris illustribus as well. After returning from his grand tour, the first sections of Africa were written in the valley of Vaucluse. Petrarch recalls
The fact that he abandoned it early on is not entirely correct since it was far along when he received two invitations (from Rome and from Paris) in September 1340 each asking him to accept the crown as poet laureate. A preliminary form of the poem was completed in time for the laurel coronation April 8, 1341 (Easter Sunday).
The goal of the assignment was to show ‘how horrible slavery was.’ ... Earlier this week, eighth-graders at Purvis Middle School were asked to “pretend like you are a slave working on a Mississippi plantation” and “write a letter to your family back in Africa… describing your life.” ... One bullet point on the exercise tells students ... Read More.
... the world, including slave labor conditions and Amazon deforestation in cattle production in Brazil, violent invasions of indigenous land by ranchers in Nicaragua, child labor and deforestation in cocoa farms in WestAfrica, and forced labor on palm oil plantations in Malaysia.
Under Gates’ plantation system, Africa’s rural populations have become slaves on their own land to a tyrannical serfdom of high-tech inputs, mechanization, rigid schedules, burdensome conditionalities, credits and subsidies The only entities benefiting from Gates’ program are his international corporate partners.
Gabonese authorities have managed to secure investments worth a total of US$ 1.7 billion from Singapore, including a new fertilizer plant to be set up outside Port Gentil and palm oil plantations ...300,000 hectares of palms would eventually be planted, "which will make it the largest palm grove in Africa."
This month marks 136 years since the end of the Berlin Conference in 1885, where western powers met to set the rules for how they would divide up Africa...Engraving of a formerly enslaved person, centre, on her plantation in Haiti in 1791 ... The economic failures, and indeed elusive development, in Africa get blamed on the victims.
Today is Saturday; 9th of the Iranian month of Esfand 1399 solar hijri; corresponding to 15th of the Islamic month of Rajab 1442 lunar hijri; and February 27, 2021, of the ChristianGregorian Calendar... Over the centuries, the Portuguese forcibly brought three million black people from Africa to Brazil for forced labor in sugarcane plantations ... ....
Her ancestors had been indentured, like several others from the Indian peninsula and even from ‘up North’, to work on plantations and in mines in SouthAfrica... “She was confined to bed when I saw her,” he writes in his classic, Satyagraha in South Africa.
Plantations usually evoke images of cotton, but coastal South Carolina’s major crop was rice until the early 1900s, when the combination of hurricanes and lack of labor and technical know-how finally doomed the industry that had been built on the backs of slaves from the west coast of Africa, also called the RiceCoast.
For millions of people around the world, this Friday evening should be the most joyous of the year – the first night of carnival ... What a shame ... Both originate in Africa and were incubated by slavery – sugarcane fields were to samba what cotton plantations were to the blues ... Sugarcane fields were to samba what cotton plantations were to the blues ... • ... .
Saturday ... They survived the horrors of the Middle Passage from Africa across the Atlantic, only to face the terrors of slavery when the ship arrived. And all of this because Mobile plantation owner Timothy Meaher bet that he could import Africans as cargo for slavery, flouting an 1808 federal law banning such piracy, Durkin said ... Friday ... ....
Affected companies that are FairtradeCertified producers and members of Fairtrade Africa (FTA) namely the network of all Fairtrade Certified Producer Organisations in Africa and the Middle East are ... Fairtrade Africa is committed to supporting its members by advocating to remove bottle necks in trade that impact negatively on livelihoods.